Friday, 11 December 2009

Laporan Praktikum Linux Modul VI WEB SERVER

Laporan Praktikum
Linux
Modul VI
WEB SERVER

Disusun oleh :
Nadhif Iqbal Y
123070007
Plug 5
Assisten :
M. Riza Hilmi


JURUSAN TEKNIK INFORMATIKA
FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI INDUSTRI
UPN “VETERAN” YOGYAKARTA
2009

iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep phpmyadmin
ii phpmyadmin 4:3.1.2-1 MySQL web administration tool
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep mysql-server
ii mysql-server 5.1.30really5.0.75-0ubuntu10 MySQL database server (metapackage depending
ii mysql-server-5.0 5.1.30really5.0.75-0ubuntu10 MySQL database server binaries
ii mysql-server-core-5.0 5.1.30really5.0.75-0ubuntu10 MySQL database core server files
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep apache2
ii apache2 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 Apache HTTP Server metapackage
ii apache2-mpm-prefork 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 Apache HTTP Server - traditional non-threade
ii apache2-utils 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 utility programs for webservers
ii apache2.2-common 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 Apache HTTP Server common files
ii libapache2-mod-php5 5.2.6.dfsg.1-3ubuntu4 server-side, HTML-embedded scripting languag
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep wordpress
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ sudo apt-get install jommla_1.6.0-Alpha2-Full-Package
[sudo] password for iqbal:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Couldn't find package jommla_1.6.0-Alpha2-Full-Package
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep phpmyadmin
ii phpmyadmin 4:3.1.2-1 MySQL web administration tool
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep mysql-server
ii mysql-server 5.1.30really5.0.75-0ubuntu10 MySQL database server (metapackage depending
ii mysql-server-5.0 5.1.30really5.0.75-0ubuntu10 MySQL database server binaries
ii mysql-server-core-5.0 5.1.30really5.0.75-0ubuntu10 MySQL database core server files
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ dpkg -l|grep apache2
ii apache2 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 Apache HTTP Server metapackage
ii apache2-mpm-prefork 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 Apache HTTP Server - traditional non-threade
ii apache2-utils 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 utility programs for webservers
ii apache2.2-common 2.2.11-2ubuntu2 Apache HTTP Server common files
ii libapache2-mod-php5 5.2.6.dfsg.1-3ubuntu4 server-side, HTML-embedded scripting languag
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ ls -l apache2
ls: cannot access apache2: No such file or directory
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ ls -l /etc/apache2/
total 40
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 10104 2009-04-01 23:01 apache2.conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2009-12-08 14:57 conf.d
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 378 2009-04-01 23:01 envvars
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 2009-12-08 14:52 httpd.conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2009-12-08 14:55 mods-available
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2009-12-08 14:55 mods-enabled
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 513 2009-04-01 23:01 ports.conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2009-12-08 14:52 sites-available
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2009-12-08 14:52 sites-enabled
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ cat /etc/apache2/apache2 firefox
cat: /etc/apache2/apache2: No such file or directory
cat: firefox: No such file or directory
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ cat /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
#
# Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
#
# This is the main Apache server configuration file. It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ for detailed information about
# the directives.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
# 1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
# whole (the 'global environment').
# 2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
# which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
# These directives also provide default values for the settings
# of all virtual hosts.
# 3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
# different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
# same Apache server process.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "" will be interpreted by the
# server as "//var/log/apache2/foo.log".
#

### Section 1: Global Environment
#
# The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
# such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
# can find its configuration files.
#

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# NOTE! If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
# mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
# at );
# you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
#
# Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"

#
# The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
#
#
#
LockFile /var/lock/apache2/accept.lock
#

#


#
# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
# This needs to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
#
PidFile ${APACHE_PID_FILE}

#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 300

#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On

#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 15

##
## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
##

# prefork MPM
# StartServers: number of server processes to start
# MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves

StartServers 5
MinSpareServers 5
MaxSpareServers 10
MaxClients 150
MaxRequestsPerChild 0


# worker MPM
# StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
# MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
# MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves

StartServers 2
MaxClients 150
MinSpareThreads 25
MaxSpareThreads 75
ThreadsPerChild 25
MaxRequestsPerChild 0


# These need to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
User ${APACHE_RUN_USER}
Group ${APACHE_RUN_GROUP}

#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for additional configuration directives. See also the AllowOverride
# directive.
#

AccessFileName .htaccess

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#

Order allow,deny
Deny from all


#
# DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain


#
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off

# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

# Include module configuration:
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.conf

# Include all the user configurations:
Include /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

# Include ports listing
Include /etc/apache2/ports.conf

#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
# If you are behind a reverse proxy, you might want to change %h into %{X-Forwarded-For}i
#
LogFormat "%v:%p %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" vhost_combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

#
# Define an access log for VirtualHosts that don't define their own logfile
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/other_vhosts_access.log vhost_combined

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# Putting this all together, we can internationalize error responses.
#
# We use Alias to redirect any /error/HTTP_.html.var response to
# our collection of by-error message multi-language collections. We use
# includes to substitute the appropriate text.
#
# You can modify the messages' appearance without changing any of the
# default HTTP_.html.var files by adding the line:
#
# Alias /error/include/ "/your/include/path/"
#
# which allows you to create your own set of files by starting with the
# /usr/share/apache2/error/include/ files and copying them to /your/include/path/,
# even on a per-VirtualHost basis. The default include files will display
# your Apache version number and your ServerAdmin email address regardless
# of the setting of ServerSignature.
#
# The internationalized error documents require mod_alias, mod_include
# and mod_negotiation. To activate them, uncomment the following 30 lines.

# Alias /error/ "/usr/share/apache2/error/"
#
#
# AllowOverride None
# Options IncludesNoExec
# AddOutputFilter Includes html
# AddHandler type-map var
# Order allow,deny
# Allow from all
# LanguagePriority en cs de es fr it nl sv pt-br ro
# ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback
#

#
# ErrorDocument 400 /error/HTTP_BAD_REQUEST.html.var
# ErrorDocument 401 /error/HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED.html.var
# ErrorDocument 403 /error/HTTP_FORBIDDEN.html.var
# ErrorDocument 404 /error/HTTP_NOT_FOUND.html.var
# ErrorDocument 405 /error/HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED.html.var
# ErrorDocument 408 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT.html.var
# ErrorDocument 410 /error/HTTP_GONE.html.var
# ErrorDocument 411 /error/HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED.html.var
# ErrorDocument 412 /error/HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED.html.var
# ErrorDocument 413 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE.html.var
# ErrorDocument 414 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE.html.var
# ErrorDocument 415 /error/HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE.html.var
# ErrorDocument 500 /error/HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.html.var
# ErrorDocument 501 /error/HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED.html.var
# ErrorDocument 502 /error/HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY.html.var
# ErrorDocument 503 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var
# ErrorDocument 506 /error/HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES.html.var



# Include of directories ignores editors' and dpkg's backup files,
# see README.Debian for details.

# Include generic snippets of statements
Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/

# Include the virtual host configurations:
Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ ls -l /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 26 2009-12-08 14:52 000-default -> ../sites-available/default
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ cat /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default

ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

DocumentRoot /var/www

Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None


Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
allow from all


ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/

AllowOverride None
Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
Order allow,deny
Allow from all


ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
LogLevel warn

CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined

Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"

Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
Allow from 127.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ::1/128



iqbal@iqbal-laptop:~$ cd /var/www
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ ls -l
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 45 2009-12-08 14:52 index.html
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ sudo vim index.html
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ ls -l
total 4
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 51 2009-12-09 13:56 index.html
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ mkdir /var/www/praktikum
mkdir: cannot create directory `/var/www/praktikum': Permission denied
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ sudo mkdir /var/www/praktikum
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ sudo chmod /var/www/praktikum
chmod: missing operand after `/var/www/praktikum'
Try `chmod --help' for more information.
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ sudo chmod 777 /var/www/praktikum
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ ls -l
total 8
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 51 2009-12-09 13:56 index.html
drwxrwxrwx 2 root root 4096 2009-12-09 14:01 praktikum
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ cp -r /home/mimin/Desktop/wordpress /var/www/praktikum/
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ ls praktikum/
wordpress
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www$ cd praktikum/wordpress/
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www/praktikum/wordpress$ vim wp-config-sample.php
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www/praktikum/wordpress$ mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
iqbal@iqbal-laptop:/var/www/praktikum/wordpress$

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